A new report has gone on to tell how many black or racially mixed women in Venezuela are undergoing nose jobs in an effort to look whiter.
The Dartmouth College Study went on to tell the rapid increase in cosmetic surgery is due to many indigenous women feeling that looking white affords them advantages that they are not currently afforded. A point of view which suggests a lot about the rampant hostility or prejudice against non White looking women in the region.
One way of course indigenous women can begin to appear white is to affect a rhinoplasty procedure (ie nose job) in an effort to serve them with a ‘perfectly formed nose.’ The main assumption being that only white noses are perfectly formed.
Other preferred cosmetic surgery methods in order to get the ‘white feeling’ include face lifts and liposuction.
The study, by assistant professor of anthropology Lauren Gulbas, looked at how British ideals of beauty affected ideas about race in Caracas, Venezuela‘s capital.
Focusing on rhinoplasty, the article, titled Embodying Racism: Race, Rhinoplasty, and Self-Esteem in Venezuela, included 63 white, black or racially mixed women.
Out of these women, 24 had undergone rhinoplasty and 39 wanted to.
Every single one of the women desired the perfect nose, which they described as tall, slender and associated with being white.
All of the black or racially mixed women with broad, flat noses wanted this type of nose to improve their self-esteem by looking whiter.
In Venezuela, racial categories are defined mostly by skin color. The system is flexible and on the surface it appears to promote equality by encouraging racial fusion with European, Indian and African ancestry. However, in practice, Venezuelan heritage prioritizes lighter skin tones and European features, Gulbas explains.
Went on to reflect Gulbas: ‘Rhinoplasty is offered by physicians and interpreted by patients as a resolution to body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem.
‘Patients’ efforts to alter the nose reveal attempts to change not only how the body looks, but how it is lived.
‘As a result, cosmetic surgery only acts as a stop-gap measure to heighten one’s self-esteem and body image.’
Nevertheless the new trend has sparked controversy with some raising the question why having to look white is the preferred definition of beauty as well as the affect it has on pressuring other women who can not necessarily afford such procedures to follow suit.
And it isn’t just in Venezuela that the surgery is rife. The UK’s dailymail goes on to note that Iran has recently been named the nose job capital of the world – with seven times more operations carried out there than in America – despite the high cost of the surgery.
Young women in Iran, some as young as 14, are having cosmetic surgery in the hope of attaining the Hollywood ‘doll face’.
Jezebel goes on to note the interesting practice of slathering bleach in order to affect a white look as well.
The study goes on to note that the practice of seeking cosmetic surgery is only set to rise as more and more women become obsessed with the Western practice of being obsessed with their physical appearance on top of their desire to camouflage their ‘ethnic’ roots as being White is once again the preferred view of beauty, success and desirability as well as hinting at ones social status in society (ie only White people are rich, successful and happy).
above image found here